ALDE Policy Paper on Fake News in Digital Media
Fake news refers in general to hoaxes or deliberately misleading information that is spread or created in order to make financial or political gains. It can take many different forms and lead to many different challenges. But a common feature for all these different types of misinformation is that social media has made the circulation of this information much easier, since the original gatekeepers and regulators that control traditional media are bypassed. In 2016, over 85 percent of Europeans had access to the Internet, 70 percent of which regularly used the Internet to get access to news. With over half of all EU-citizens registered as users of social media, there is a particular urgent need to address the challenges of fake news in digital media.